India on way to become Tiger capital
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We are talking about real tigers and not paper tigers or self declared tigers. The good news is that India is on the way to become tiger capital of the world. The efforts of government and forest staff has brought this big success. With the advent of new technology, it has become easy now to locate tigers and register their presence. The news has come as today is international tiger day. India was very rich in tiger population some years ago. But poachers, erstwhile princely states owners and British officials deployed in India have taken huge toll of tigers along with other wild animals. The tigers were hunted to such a great extent that there was a period when tiger was considered as endangered species. From the beginning of seventies, Indian government took this matter seriously and tiger projects were planned. The scheme of tiger projects yielded big success and today India has two thousand and nine hundred tigers. No country in the world has such a huge population of tiger. There are fifty one tiger projects and tigers are living in a secure atmosphere. Tiger killing is banned by law and punishment for killing the animal is very harsh. This has also led to reduction in poaching. There are various factors responsible for declining population of Tigers including cutting down of trees which causes loss of habitat, illegal trading and hunting. Though India is leading in the tiger population, their number is declining rapidly in the world. The famous hunters Jib Corbett, Kenneth Anderson and many more hunters in US are praised for their hunting skills. But one thing should be remembered that at least Corbett never killed a tiger just for the fun of it. He took gun in the hands to kill only tiger when it became man eater. His many stories in Uttrakhanda about killing man eaters written in British India have become immensely popular. But he has never said that tigers should be killed for the enjoying. Still our the then administration due to ignorance was unable to protect this extremely beautiful species. In seventies, Congress government at centre had taken this matter seriously and tiger projects were initiated. That has yielded good results as we are seeing today. In 1973, Project Tiger was launched in India with a unique plan to save tigers on the planet. Since its formative years, there were 9 tiger reserves but the Tiger Project coverage has increased significantly over time. A conservation goal which was so ambitious was set up by the governments of the 13 range countries to double the number of wild tigers by this year. However, the tiger is still categorized as 'endangered'. Poaching and habitat destruction are among the leading causes. Initially the government was having so apathy towards conserving tigers that the ban on killing was only on paper. Later the law was made strict and now killing of tigers is almost stopped. Today the awareness of food chain is such a huge that a small child knows how every animal is important in food chain. Tigers are the most important on this food chain as they reduce the number of animals feeding on plants like rabbit, deer and antelope. Thus tigers maintain natural balance in food chain. But killing on big scale led to disturbance in smooth running of food chain. The government has done a great job by preserving this endangered species. But a lot more has to be done to protect the tigers and increase their population in natural habitat. Project tigers have been proved to be extremely successful. The project should be given more weightage in future. If the efforts are made consistently, then India can be tiger capital of the world.